IP Lexicon

We realize that even though we strive to be crystal clear in our communication we now and then tend to use technical terms. For the benefit of our clients and anyone else with an interest in the field of copyright, patents, design, trademarks or other intellectual property rights we have created an easily searchable phrasebook on these topics.

With an outset in our base in Europe and European Community law the IP LEXICON explains the more com

mon phrases within the intellectual property field in what is meant to be a clear short description. With many of the phrases you will find links to further information.

The IP LEXICON is by no means exhaustive and input and suggestions that can help develop the IP LEXICON further are very much welcomed – just click the comment button below.

All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

All results in the letter "A"

Absolute grounds for refusalAbstractAbstractAccelerated treatmentAccessAccess, publicAccumulated annual feesACGAcknowledgementAcquiescenceAcquired distinctivenessAcquisitionAdaptionsAdditional patentAdministrative ExaminationAdministrative re-examinationAdvertisementAgentAgent (registration of trademarks by -)AIPOAlgorithmAmendmentAndean PactAnnual feeAnnulment, time-barredAnthologyAnti-Counterfeiting GroupAPECAppellations d’origineApplicantApplication DocumentApplication FeeApplication numberApplication patent requirementApplication TextApplied ArtArbitrationArchitecture, work ofARIPOArtistic performanceArtwork citationArtworksAssignmentAssignmentAssignment DocumentAssistanceAssistanceAural similarityAuthorAuthorizationAuxiliary RequestAvailable to the publicAwareness, level of –BackupBad faithBasic ApplicationBasic ApplicationBasic documentBasic RegistrationBasis applicationBerne ConventionBest modeBiological material:Biotechnological inventions:BIRPIBlank Media Fees:Board of AppealBranch StatementBranching ofBrandBreachBrussels ConventionBudapest TreatyBurden of Proof:Business characteristicsBusiness methodsC – The symbol for copyright.Cable televisionCachingCAFTACancellationCataloguesCategory of claimsccTLDCentral AttackCertification markCertified copyChanges to trademarksChanges to worksChanging of infringing productsCharacteristic featuresCharacterizing part of a patent claimChemical compoundsChipsCIBCinematographic worksCinematographic works, presumption ruleCircles specialized in the sector concerned within the EUCISACCitationCitations, combination ofClaimsClass feeClass listingClassificationClick-wrap contractsCo-brandingCo-registrationCollective License AgreementCollective markCollective marksColorCombination InventionCommercial useCommissioned WorksCommon Aerial InstallationsCommunity DesignCommunity design courtCommunity Patent ConventionCommunity Patent ConventionCommunity Trademark (CTM)Community Trademark CourtCompany nameCompany name dominantCompany name, right inComparative advertisingCompensation for non-financial damageComponents of complex products:Composite WorkCompulsory licenseComputer programsConceptConceptual similarityConfirmatory actionConfusingly similarConsentConsiderationConstructed wordConsultant inventionContinuationContinuation applicationContracting partiesConvention ApplicationConvention PriorityConversionCooling off periodCopy protectionCopyrightCopyrightCorrection of documentsCounterfeited goodsCounterfeitingCounterfeitsCountry CodeCountry Code Top Level Domain NamesCPVOCreationCreation RequirementCreational stepCreative CommonsCreatorCross LicenseCustomer groupCybersquattingDamagesDatabaseDate of filingDate of issueDeceptive trademarksDecision to GrantDecompilationDeep linkingDefensive registrationDeferred ExaminationDeferred patentability examinationDegenerationDemandDependency LicenseDependent claimDependent PatentsDependent requirementDepictionDepositDeposit AuthorityDescriptionDescriptive worksDesignDesign registrationDesign rightDesignated StatesDesignationDesignation FeeDestructionDestruction of worksDevice markDevice patent requirementDiffer clearlyDiffer significantlyDigital copyingDigital Rights ManagementDigitizationDilutionDisclaimerDiscoveryDistinctive characterDistribution rightDivided publishing rightsDivisional applicationDNSDomainDomain grabbingDomain name:Domaine Public PayantDomestic RegistrationDominantDominant elementDouble protectionDramatic workDrawingDRMDroit au respectDroit d’accèsDroit d’auteur traditionDroit de repentirDroit de suiteDroit moralDroit voisinsDroit à la paternitéDrug patentsDrugsDUS criteriaDVDE-mailEBAEBU: Abbreviation of the European Broadcasting Union.EC-PCEditio princepsEEA exhaustionEEA: Abbreviation for European Economic Association.Elected StatesEmbodimentEmployeeEmployee’s intellectual propertyEnablementEnlarged Board of AppealEP PatentEPCEphemeral recordingEPIEPIDOSEquivalenceEstoppelEuro-PCT applicationEuropean patentEuropean PatentEuropean Patent AgentEuropean Patent AttorneyEuropean Patent BulletinEuropean Patent ConventionEuropean Patent Convention, TheEuropean Patent OfficeEuropean Patent Office, TheEuropean Patent Union, TheEuropean Trademark OfficeExaminationExaminationExamination ReportExaminerExamining DivisionExamining LetterExclusive distributorExclusive LicenseExclusive rightExcreted applicationExhaustionExhibition feeExhibition priorityExhibition protectionExperimental purposesExpert opinionExpert RuleExpirationFanciful wordFarmers’ PrivilegeFeatureFile sharingFiling dateFinal cutFinal Official ActionFineFirst to fileFirst to inventFirst User RightFixationFlagFolkloreFontForeign worksFormal defectsFormal examinationFormal registrationFormal treatmentFormatFormat, TVFranchisingFree SoftwareFree use rulesFreedom of expressionFull-day ruleFurther processingFuture worksGamesGATTGeneral CourtGeneral Power of AttorneyGeneric termGeneric Top Level DomainGenetic EngineeringGeneva Act, of the Hague AgreementGenuine products principleGeographic scope of protectionGeographical indication, GIGESACGhostwriterGlobal exhaustionGNUGood faithGoodwillGrace periodGramophone RecordGraphical representationgTLDGuidelines for Examination, EPOHackingHague AgreementHarmonization Office, theHate siteHologramHonest practicesHouse MarkHumorous paraphraseIANAICANNICCICC International Court of ArbitrationICIREPATIconsIdea, protection ofIDSIllegal copiesIndependent claimIndicationIndication of purposeIndividual characterIndividualization functionIndustrial applicability:Industrial artsIndustrial DesignIndustrial espionageIndustrial property rightInformation Disclosure StatementInformation, duty to giveInformed userINFOSOC DirectiveInfringementInfringement AssessmentInitial deficiencyInjunctionINN-namesINPADOCIntegrated circuitsIntegrated semiconductorsIntegrity, right ofIntellectual propertyIntellectual Property RightIntent: An intended action.Inter-American ConventionInterlocutory DecisionInternational ApplicationInternational Bureau, TheInternational country codesInternational design registrationInternational exhaustionInternational patent applicationInternational Patent ClassificationInternational Patent Classification SystemInternational phaseInternational preliminary examinationInternational preliminary examination authorityInternational Preliminary Examination Report (IPER)International Search ReportInternational trademark registrationInternational trafficInternetInterpretation ProtocolIntertemporal issuesInterventionsIntroduction to patent claimsInventionInventive entityInventive stepInventorIP addressIP numberIP-score®IPCIPEAIPERIPRIRCISAISFEIssuance feeIssueJoined authorshipKnow-howKodak DoctrineKodak markLabeling, replacing:Lack of distinctive characterLapseLegal Board of AppealLegal defectsLegal personLegal standingLegalizationLetter of consentLexical useLicenseLicense AgreementLicense feeLicenseeLicensing of medicineLicensorLikelihood of associationLikelihood of confusionLimitation of claimLimitation of rightsLisbon AgreementList of goodsLiterary and Artistic WorksLiterary worksLoan and leaseLocarno AgreementLogoLondon ProtocolLook and feelLoss of salesLoyalty requirementsMadrid AgreementMadrid ProtocolMain claimMain requestMaintenance FeeMaking availableManifestationManuscriptsMarkMark similarityMarket disruptionMarket ResearchMaterial examinationMathematical methodsMedical indicationsMention of GrantMethod ClaimMethod PatentsMicrobiologyMisleadingMoldaviaMonitoringMoral right:MoralityMoving ImagesMusical worksMust fitMust matchNAFTANairobi TreatyName ServerNames, rights inNational ApplicationNational exhaustionNational phaseNatural trademarksNDANew MatterNew varieties of plantsNice AgreementNon-transferableNotice of OppositionNotificationNotoriously known trademarksNoveltyNovelty ExaminationNovelty examination of International TypeNPIObjectionObjective global noveltyOfficial ActionOHIMOmnibus claimOMPIOn demandOne skilled in the art, obvious toOpen sourceOpponentOppositionOppositionOpposition deadlineOpposition DivisionOpposition periodOpting-backOral proceedingsOriginal right holderOriginal WorksOriginalityOrnamentOrphan DrugOSIOuter spaceOverall assessmentOwn nameOwn pictureP – The symbol of a protected phonogramPackagingPamphletPan-American ConventionParallel importsParent houseParis ConventionParis UnionParodyPart of a product’s appearancePartial exhaustionPartial transferPassing offPat. pend.PatentPatent AgentPatent ApplicationPatent authorityPatent ClaimPatent Claims-doctrinePatent Cooperation TreatyPatent DescriptionPatent FamilyPatent Family ExaminationPatent holderPatent infringementPatent infringement, involvementPatent licensePatent numberPatent Prosecution HighwayPatent RegisterPatent rightPatent specificationPatent suppressionPatent violationPatentability examinationPatentability, requirements forPay offPCPIPCTPCT applicationPCT GazettePeer-to-peer servicePerform publiclyPerformersPerson skilled in the artPerson skilled in the art criteriaPetites réservesPhantom TrademarksPharmaceutical preparations, trademarks forPhonogram ConventionPhonogram: A sound recording.PhotocopyingPhotographic picturesPhotographic worksPicture Recordings:Pioneering inventionPiracyPlagiarismPlant BreedingPlant VarietyPledgePLTPortrait PicturesPostponement of publicationPotpourriPower of attorneyPPHPreferred EmbodimentPreliminary amendmentPreliminary examinationPreliminary examinationPreliminary ProtectionPress photosPress releasesPress, lending right of thePresumption about the copyright holderPrint protectionPrinting feePrior User RightsPriorityPriority applicationPriority applicationPriority datePriority documentPriority rightPrisonPrivate copyingPrivate labelPrivate usePrivate use, reproduction forProblem-and-Solution ApproachProcedural capacityProducerProduct claimProduct ruleProduct similarityProduct-by-process claimsProfessional RepresentativeProof RequirementsProper usageProper useProphylaxesProtection CertificateProtection periodProvisional applicationPseudonymous worksPublicPublic documentsPublic domainPublic domainPublic orderPublic PerformancePublicationPublicationPublicationPublication dayPublication feePublicly availableQuality requirement:Quantity requirementsQuoteR: The symbol for a registered trademark.Radio and televisionReadingReasonable remunerationReceiving authorityReciprocityReciprocity, formalReciprocity, materialRecollection, blurredRecoveryReexaminationRefusalRegional applicationRegional exhaustionRegional phaseRegistrantRegistrarRegistration assessmentRegistration authorityRegistration certificateRegistration criteriaRegistration numberRegistration obstacleRegistryRelabelingRelated RightsRelative grounds for refusalRenewalRenewal FeeRepackagingReproducibilityReproductionRequest for examinationRequest for examinationRequirement to useRes ipsa loquiturRestitutio in integrumRestricted circleReverse burden of proofReverse engineeringRevocationRevocationRIAARight holder organizationsRight of attributionRight to copyRight to followRight to public performanceRights holderRome ConventionRoyaltySamplingSanctionsSatellite ConventionSatellite TransmissionsScent MarkScientific methods and theoriesSCITSCMSScope of ProtectionSearchSearch reportSearch ReportSecond indicationSecond medical indicationSecondary meaningSecondary nameSecondary use of phonogramsSecret PatentsSecuring of EvidenceSecuritySeizureSemiconductor TopographySenioritySeparation AbilitySequence listSeries of trademarksService markSexual propagationSharewareShrink-wrap clauseSignatureSimilarity AssessmentSimilarity of goodsSimple licenseSingapore TreatySketchSloganSMSoftwareSound markSource codeSpare partsSpare parts ruleSPCSport performancesState emblemsState of the artState of the artStepsStrasbourg AgreementStyleSub claimsSub licenseSubject MatterSubjective noveltySubstitutabilitySuggestive trademarkSui generis rightSummarySunrise-periodSupplementary protection certificateSuspension of customs releaseTacit agreementTagsTCETechnical assistantTechnical disclosureTechnical drawingsTechnical equivalenceTechnical functionTechnical problemTelle-quelle ruleTemporary copiesTerminationTerritoriality principleThe Customs RegulationThe informed userTherapeutic treatmentThree-dimensional trademarksTitleTitle protectionTLDTLTTMTopographyTotal exhaustionTrade dressTrade SecretsTrademarkTrademark classTrademark Law TreatyTrademark licensingTrademark merchandisingTrademark registerTrademark rightTransfer of rightsTransitTranslationsTRIPSTV programTypo squattingUDRPUnder the bonnet-partsUnfair useUnion priorityUniqueUniversal Copyright ConventionUnregistered Community DesignUnregistered trademarkUplinkUPOV ConventionURLUseUse RequirementUse, making necessary copies toUse, rights obtained throughUSPTOUtility ModelUtility Model RightUtility PatentValidationValidity PeriodVarietyVariety denominationVariety protectionVenueVienna AgreementVisible during normal useVisual ArtsVisual similarityWarehousingWCTWeb designWebcastingWebsiteWell-known trademarksWhole contents principleWIPOWithdrawalWithdrawal rightWord markWorkWorking LanguagesWorks of furnitureWorld patentWPPTWritten OpinionWTO